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Beginning in 1810, Albany was one of the ten most populous cities in the United States, a distinction it held until the 1860 census.
Albany is one of the first cities in the world to have installed public water mains, sewer lines, natural gas lines and electricity, infrastructure and utilities that attracted and supported substantial new industry to the city and surrounding area during the 19th century.
Its charter is possibly the longest-running instrument of municipal government in the Western Hemisphere.
During the late 18th century and throughout most of the 19th, Albany was a center of trade and transportation.
They formed successful relations with both the Mahican and the Mohawk peoples, two major Native American nations in the region.
The fur trade attracted settlers who founded a village called Beverwijck near Fort Orange.
It marshalled the power of immigrants and their descendants in both cities.
The city's skyline changed in the 1960s and 1970s with the construction of office towers around the Empire State Plaza and at the uptown campus of SUNY Albany, mainly under the direction of Governor Nelson Rockefeller.
During the 1920s a powerful political machine controlled by the Democratic Party arose in the state capital, connected to politics in New York City as well.Albany is known for its rich history, commerce, culture, architecture, and institutions of higher education. The Mohawk were one of the Five Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy, or Haudenosaunee, and became strong trading partners with the Dutch and English.It is likely the Albany area was visited by European fur traders, perhaps as early as 1540, but the extent and duration of those visits has not been determined.In 1664 the English took over the Dutch settlements, renaming the city as Albany, in honor of the then Duke of Albany, the future James II of England and James VII of Scotland.
The city was officially chartered in 1686 under English rule.Clockwise from top: Albany skyline from Rensselaer; middle-class housing in the Helderberg neighborhood; Palace Theatre; Empire State Plaza from the Cultural Education Center; North Pearl Street at Columbia Street; and the State Quad at SUNY Albany.) is the capital of the U. The population of the City of Albany was 97,856 according to the 2010 census.